iOS Crash on Prod builds only

I have an app that’s been working fine for over a year using Expo on the Bare Workflow. Recently after some updates the app builds/compiles successfully for iOS and runs fine on the emulators, but will not open and immediately crashes when archived. I was having problems getting it to archive due to Flipper issues with Xcode 12.5, so I followed instructions online to fix that. After fixing that issue, I was getting the crashes with EXUpdatesEmbeddedAppLoader in the crash report, so I fully removed expo-updates following these instructions (expo-updates - npm Package Health Analysis | Snyk)… I’ll include my package.json, crash report, and podfile, as well as my AppDelegate.h/m files in gists.

Any help would me majorly appreciated!